221 B.C.-1492 A.D. The Mighty Moorish Empire of North Africa, South West Asia, Iberian Peninsula and The Americas..


Sunni Ali Ber: King of Songhay (1464-1492) ISLAM AND EUROPE TIMELINE (221 B.C.-1291 A.D.) 247: The Carthaginian General Hannibal Barca (247-182 BCE) was one of the greatest military leaders in history. His most famous campaign took place during the Second Punic War (218-202), when he caught the Romans off guard by crossing the Alps. From Saguntum... Continue Reading →

The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade: Only 4.4% of Slaves were Shipped to North America (U.S. & Canada) The Majority 93.6% of Slaves were shipped to Central America, South America and the Caribbean Islands #slaveryfacts UPDATED!!


       SiteMap   Contact Us About  Neil Frankel Home Slavery  Image Collections Facts and Figures Hard to Believe But True! Role of Organized Religion Maps African-AmericanGenealogy Sources and Selected Links Facts and Figures Number of Slaves Transported by Each European Country (12) Country Voyages Slaves Transported Portugal (including Brazil) 30,000 4,650,000 Spain (including Cuba) 4,000 1,600,000 France... Continue Reading →

Egyptians and Hebrews [Asiatic-Africans] in America before Christ/Columbus 1000-800 B.C. . (The Indigenous Africans in America)


Did ancient Hebrews reach the shores of the North and South American continents thousands of years before Christopher Columbus? What evidence is there for Hebrew and Israelite occupation of the Western Hemisphere even a thousand years before Christ? Was trans-Atlantic commerce and travel fairly routine in the days of king Solomon of Israel? Read here... Continue Reading →

Ancient MtDna Migration of (Haplogroup L2a1: North Africa, Subsahara, South West Asia, Europe, and the Americas)… UPDATED


Human mtDNA is a non-recombining molecule with Maternal inheritance and practically Haploid/Haplogroup Genetics. Differences between mtDNA sequences are only due to mutation. As time passes, mutations accumulate sequentially along less and less related molecules that constitute independent lineages known as haplotypes. Relationships among lineages can be estimated by phylogenetic networks where mutations are classified in... Continue Reading →

Egypt mtDNA and the Nile Valley ኒለ ቫልለይ Dna DiversitY.. The Maternal Hamito-Semitic.. mtDna Haplogroup L


The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Diversity of 58 individuals from Upper Egypt, more than half (34 individuals) from Gurna, Whose population has an Ancient Cultural History, Were studied by sequencing The Control-Region and screening diagnostic RFLP markers. This Sedentary Population: (meaning= inhabiting the same location through out life, non nomadic) Presented similarities to the Ethiopian Population... Continue Reading →

Egyptian Y-Chromosomes Indigenous to North Africa and Nile Valley ኒለ ቫልለይ: My Fathers’ Haplogroup E Family: E-PN2= M78, M35, M2/E-V38. The Egyptian Triad Paternal DNA


Egyptian Y-chromosome Diversity @ Luxor This is more focused on the Egyptians around Luxor, where Upper Egypt was located. A recent DNA study by Cruciani that focused on the Y chromosome E-M78 revealed that it was ’born’ in North East Africa , not East Africa as previously thought. This means, that an Egyptianwith an M78Y chromosome has had... Continue Reading →

The ብጃ Beja The Egyptian (Ta-seti) ጥሰቲ Warriors known as the FuzZy Wuzzies/ Queen Tiye of the 18th Dynasty


The WARRIORS ? በጃ Beja the Ta-Seti Archers Of Nubia-Egypt The  Beja በጃ (Ge'ez language:)(Arabic: البيجا‎) are an ethnic group dwelling in parts of North Africa and the Horn of Africa. The term Bejawi comes from Ta-Itjawy "people of Itjawy". Ta-Seti Neferet, the mother of Egyptian King Amenhemet I's was of a peoples from Upper Egypt known... Continue Reading →

Asiatic Afro-Arabs of Africa: North Africa-Ifriqiya* / Horn of Africa and SouthWest Asia.. (Nubians, Tuareg and Beja “Sahara” People)


Afro-Asiatic Arabs of Africa.. Afro-Arab (sometimes referred to as African Arab) refers to people who possess both African and/or Arab ancestry. In addition, it may refer to Arabs who are not descended from recent African ancestry, but who live on the African continent. There are large communities of Afro-Arabs in East Africa, North -Africa and... Continue Reading →

The Kingdom of አክሱም-Aksum: The አፁሚተ – Axumite Empire of Ethiopia and Eritrea’s Horn of Africa..


    Kings of Axum The Axumite Empire or Aksumite Empire (The Kingdom of Axum or Aksum), (Ge'ez: አክሱም), Important trading Nation in North-Eastern Africa, Growing from the proto-Aksumite period ca. 4th century BC to achieve prominence by the 1st century AD. Its Ancient Capital is found in Northern Ethiopia. The Kingdom used the name "Ethiopia" as... Continue Reading →

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