Archive for Queen of Sheba

Egyptians, E-thi-o’-pi-ans, Nubians and Hebrews are the Same Ethnic People: NILE VALLEY: North Africa / Sahara / Horn of Africa and West Asia..

Posted in Egypt, Egypt and the Blue Nile, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haplogroup L2 and L3 in West Asia, L2a1, Nile Valley/Nubia, North Africa, Nubians, Sahara, Semetic People, Semitic, Sephardic Hebrews, The Axumite Kingdom, The Sahel with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 27, 2009 by Biléh* Gambéla በላይ ። ጋምበላ🇺🇸🇸🇩🇨🇻


This is the Ancient Nuzi Map of Eden, which supports the existence of the African Eden.

Link To Photo Of Original Clay Tablet

The Nuzi Map – made of clay may have been made 120 years before The Flood of Noah or possibly closer to Creation.

Cocoa "Nubia" Baby

nubian-girl-with-henna-tatoos

The Nuzi Map portrays the main city within Eden/Aad as being South of the cited mid-point. That is, on the Nuzi Map the city of Aid appears to be perhaps as far south as the Dahlak Archipelago to the Northeast of Asmara, Eritrea (Ethiopia) or nearer the Sudan/Eritrean border or even further to the North perhaps nearer the Suakin Archipelago and Port Sudan.   It is very probable that ruins of Eden will be found throughout this entire area.”Land of Ham and Shem MapThe Nuzi map proves the existence of the 4 rivers chronicled in the “Holy Bible”.

Those 4 rivers traverse around the entire country of Ethiopia/HaBashan. Eden is located in Ethiopia.

The term for Eden was Aden/Adin/Aad – which also means: To give pleasures, has the same prime root word as Eden or Adan, to be soft pleasant or voluptuous land.  Basically, this was the best place in the whole world to live flourish and be fruitful.

Egypt-Ethiopia/Kush-Nubia-Sudan was some of the places where man walked with GOD in the cool of the day ‘Where the Son of God’ met with man-kind. It would be the same place where, people would return after the Deluge – they would return to their nativityAfrika.

NOTE: When the word Ethiopia is used it referred to ALL of AFRICA and not just the current location.  Africa, Ethiopia, Egypt, Nubia are different words for the same people!

We now see that the Fertile Crescent was connected to the other Fertile Crescent in the Nile Valley and along the Nile River that traversed through the center of Africa and beginning in what is now call Uganda.

Where they from the same source?

Do you really believe that people never traveled UP and DOWN the Whole Nile in all the thousands of years man has lived on this Earth-planet?

And since they did, some people stayed where they traveled and mini-civilizations flourished.

The locale where the Biblical Adam and Eve, otherwise known as the

The Adamite Unit: (the Wombman and the Hue-Man) was probably born is now

Sudan/Ethiopia/Kenya at the Breast of the East African continent.

The Egyptians has identified this region as the (Mouth of the Nile) were the “Original” people resided.

Tekeze River ተከዘ ሪቨር of Eritrea/EthiopiaThe Tekeze River on the Nuzi map is not shown on many modern maps, flows into the Atbara River, which is one of the three main tributaries of the Nile River.  And, it appears that the Tekeze River is the river that is clearly shown on the ancient Nuzi Map and is very close to Aad/Eden.

The Tekeze River begins in modern Ethiopia on the Ethiopian/Eritrean border, traverses West-northwest through Ethiopia and Eritrea, and then flows into the Atbara as it enters the Sudan.

The Atbara then flows northwest through Sudan until it meets the Nile at the town of Atbarah, Sudan.

Nubia's Atbarah River of the Nile.jpgThis city of Atbarah is located on the Southeast corner of the big bend of the Nile

(i.e. South of the 5th cataract or waterfall).

Remember Indigenous peoples “never” used the phrase CATARACT that was a European invention to divide the Family of Africa.

Thus, the Nuzi Map reveals that the Edenic City of Aad is in very close proximity to the Tekeze River,

Which begins due South of the Dahlak Archipelago (Ethiopia). Therefore, Eden is in Africa near the “East or Horn of Africa”.

(Excerpted from an internet site) “Ekowa©

African Presence In Early Asia, Edited by Runoko Rashidi & Ivan Van Sertima.

African Origins Of Civilization, by Cheikh Anta Diop.


The (four ) major ethnic groups of Ethiopia today are

The Tigrais, Amharas, Afar and Oromos.

Together, they account for approximately three-quarters of the total national population.

Amhara, Tigrais, and Gurages

Speak semetic languages and Are considered to be descendants of Southern Arabian Conquerors,

who trace their Ancestry back to Ancient (Queen of  Sheba,Moses and King Solomon.

Kebra Nagast – The Queen of Sheba Ethiopian- Afro Queen of Sheba : Makeda ማከዳ

(click link to see Ethiopian/Yemenis mtDna breakdown)…

articlerender.fcgi &  mtdna TB1

Whereas Tigrais still live in the area of the Ancient Aksum kingdom, the Amharas and Gurages have expanded inland.

The Semitic-speaking Axumites, or Habash sometimes Amharic~ Abesha, አበሻ `ābešā; (Abyssinians), had their capital city, Aksum,

In the western part of the province of Tigray.

During the first 6 centuries (1a.d.– 6a.d) they controlled territories North to Upper Egypt, east to the Gulf of Aden and

Southern Arabia, south to the Omo River, and west to the Cushite Kingdom of Meroë  (Munro-Hay 1991).

Because Amharas have largely taken the role of the political and cultural elite in the country,

Amhara Ethiopian Boy

There is a process of “Amharization,” which can be understood, at least partly, as a matter of prestige and

which leads to the cultural assimilation of other minority populations.

Afar Ethiopians Girls

The Oromos and the Hamer People as well as the Afars speak Omotic or Cushitic languages and are purported to have connectionsto

Ancient Egyptians, Ethiopian women from Hamer tribe

Since the land of Cush—the son of Biblical Ham—is generally considered to be in the vicinity of the Ancient cities of Meroë and

Napata, located in present-day Sudan.

Yet it should be stressed here that the split between the Cushitic and Semitic languages, branches of the Afro-Asiatic linguistic

family, is ancient, probably predating the Holocene

(see, e.g., Militarev [2003]).

Ethiopian Boy

The linguistic reconstructions of Semitic vocabulary, related to farming and agriculture, have supported the theory that the

origin of Semitic languages is in the Near East (Diakonoff 1988; Militarev 2003).

On the other hand, the finding of all major branches of the Afro-Asiatic language tree in Africa/Ethiopia,

Including those that are not spoken elsewhere in the world, suggests that the homeland of the Afro-Asiatic

language family may have been somewhere close to Africa’s southwestern Ethiopia (Ehret 1995).

However, both cultural and historic evidence show tight connections between East Africa and the Semitic cultural substrate in

the Near East and southern Arabia, Which points to four distinct phases of Semitic cultural intrusion into Ethiopia:

Falasha Ethiopians

First, related to the Sabaens in the 1st millennium b.c.;

Second, as the arrival of Falasha Jews from southern Arabia in the first 2 centuries a.d.;

Third, during the 4th–6th centuries, when Syrian missionaries brought,

Christianity to Aksumites/Axumites አፁሚተand to their descendants,

The Tigrais ቲግራኢስ and the Amharas አምሃራስ :

And fourth, because of the influence of Muslim Arabs, which primarily affected

The southeastern parts of the country..

(Levine 1974).Falasha ፋላስሃ  Ethiopians from Gondar ጎንዳር 2006The ethnonym “Ethi-op-ians”—the people with the “burnt face”—was coined by the Greeks, although it may originally have been applied

to the Nubians, who were (also) part of the Cushite/Kushite kingdoms.

(Harris 1971)

{A total of 168 different mtDNA Haplotypes} were observed in

270 Ethiopians and Eritreans, and 72 Haplotypes were recovered in 115 Yemeni samples

(fig. 2; tablesA1A6 [online only]).

Approximately one-half of both Ethiopian (52.2%) and Yemeni (45.7%)

mtDNA lineages belonged to the L clades specific to sub-Saharan Africa (fig. 2A;table 1),

Whereas the other half was divided between derived subclades of haplogroups M and N (fig. 2B; table 1) that are,

With the exception of M1 and U6 lineages, more common outside Africa.

Consistent with the coexistence of Sub/SupraSaharan African and Eurasian

mtDNA lineages of “Ethiopian, Egyptian, and Yemeni” populations, the MDS plot (fig. 3) ClusteredTogether with Egyptians,

In between the Near Eastern and the West African and southern African clusters.

It is interesting that both Semitic- and Cushitic-speaking populations of Ethiopia

were close to each other and did not reveal significant differences

(P>.05) in FSTdistances between themselves (table A7).

Virgin Mary and angels on mural in Abreha and Atsbeha church

Ethiopian Painting 2005 by Sean McClean

Early Painting of African Jesus (Yeshua) from Coptic Museum in Cairo, Egypt (6th century BC)

Early Painting of African Jesus (Yeshua) from Coptic Museum in Cairo, Egypt (6th century AD)

(Ethic) definition: a set of moral principles, esp. ones relating

to or affirming a “specified group” , field or form of conduct.

(Opia) Origin Greek- meaning: Ops, Op, Eye , Face ....

African-Hebrew Jesus (Yeshua)* and Disciples (circa) 300 A.D.

Ancient Man and his Civilizations African Hebrews?

Ethiopian Mitochondrial DNA Heritage: Tracking Gene Flow across the Gate of Tears..

Extensive Female-Mediated mtdna Gene Flow from Nilotic Sub-Saharan Africa into Yemen

Ethiopian Y-Chromosome and mtdna Polymorphism. PDF (929 K)

Kebra Nagast – The Queen of Sheba and Her Only Son Menyelek

https://www.care.org/careswork/countryprofiles/56.asp

The Matrilineal Genetic Ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora..

NORTH-EAST AFRICA

The African Origin of Eden. Jonh G.Jackson. 1933

African presence in Ancient World and Nile Valley  By Runoko Rashidi

People of Ethiopia – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Garden of Eden – Tribes of Atlantis

Abreha wa Atsbeha church | Pictures and Paintings

http:Abraha  references.html

Egypt, Ethiopia – Sudan, Abyssinia, the Freemasonic Orientalist ?

Abyssinia

Nubia – Crystalinks

http://hearts-4-hope.org

Zagwe dynasty

The History of Ethiopian Jews

Halakha Matrilineal Hebrew Birthright

Halakha Female Hebrew Inheritence

African-Asiatic- Hebrew  Black Sabbath Roots …

Falasha (Ethiopian) Jewish History

African Jews – Wikipedia

Black Hebrew Israelites – Wikipedia

Judeo-Christian History of the Nile Valley

Queen of Sheba (960 B.C.)

Queen of Sheba

Ethiopian Treasures – Queen of Sheba, Aksumite Kingdom – Aksum

Ancient History Sourcebook: Accounts of Meröe, Kush, and Axum

Jews and Judaism from Africans in the African diaspora – Wikipedia

Rastafari religious movement

The Origin of Hebrew Civilization is Afroasiatic – ColorQ’s Bible …

Will-Smith-film-about-the-last-of-the-Nubian-Dynasty-when-Blacks-of-Ethiopian-Descent-ran-Egypt

Halle Salassie

Reign as emperor of Ethiopia is the best known and perhaps most influential in the nation’s history. He is seen by Rastafarians as Jah incarnate.

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Macro-Haplogroup L Family in “Yemen የመን / Oman ኦማን” Sabaeans, Habeshas of South West Asia.”

Posted in Afro Arabs, afro asiatic, anthrolpology, DNA, Haplogroup L2 and L3 in West Asia, Haplogroups L4, L2a1, L5, L6, L7, Oman mtDna, Saudi Arabia mtDna, Yemen mtDna with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 27, 2009 by Biléh* Gambéla በላይ ። ጋምበላ🇺🇸🇸🇩🇨🇻

dark-colored-yemenis

Haplogroups L1,L2,L3A in the Near East reach their highest frequency in the Yemen Hadramawt (~35%).

Other Arab populations—Palestinians, Jordanians, Syrians, Iraqis, and Bedouin—have ~10%–15% of lineages of

sub-Saharan African Origin. These types are rarely shared between different Arab populations.

By contrast, non-Arab Near Eastern populations—Turks, Kurds, Armenians, Azeris, and Georgians—have few or no such lineages, suggesting that gene flow from Africa has been specifically into Arab populations.

For comparison, southern European mtDNAs include only ~2% of these lineages, and northern Europeans <1% (Richards et al.2000).

The only European Region to stand out is Iberia, where ~4% of mtDNAs belong to these clusters, probably a trace of the

Medieval Moorish conquests

(Côrte-Real et al. 1996; Richards et al. 2000).

The most extensive pan-African haplotype (16189 16192 16223 16278 16294 16309 16390) is in the L2a1 haplogroup.

This sequence is observed in West Africa among the MalinkeWolof, and others; in North Africa among the Maure/Moor

Tuareg in North Africa and West Africa and among the East African Dinka and Somali.

(Ely et. al. 2006; Watson et al. 1997)Moors – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The African Maure

Mauritania – Maures

HAPLOGROUP L2a

L2

There is also evidence from one sample (Semino et al. 1989) that in parts of Sicily, which was held by the Arabs between 8251091 a.d.

Haplogroup L1 and Haplogroup L2 amount to ~4%.

young-yemenis-boy Macro-Haplogroup L Familia

In

The Arabian Peninsula

Sub-Saharan Africa L lineages in Saudi Arabia account for 10% of the total. χ2 analyses showed that there is not significant regional differentiation in this Country. However, there is significant heterogeneity (p < 0.001) when all the Arabian Peninsula countries are compared. This is mainly due to the comparatively high frequency of sub-Saharan lineages in Yemen (38%) compared to Oman-Qatar (16%) and to Saudi Arabia-UAE (10%). Most probably, the higher frequencies shown in southern countries reflect their greater proximity to Africa, separated only by the Bab’al Mandab strait.Yemenis with Ak47 and Knife

However, when attending to the relative contribution of the different L haplogroups,

Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Yemen are highly similar for their L2 (36%), L3 (34%) and L0 (21%) frequencies whereas in

Oman and UAE the bulk of L lineages belongs to L3 (72%). In this enlarged sample of Saudi Arabs,

Representatives of all the recently defined East African haplogroups L4 , L5 , L6 and L7 , have been found.

The only L4 Saudi haplotype belongs to the L4a1 subclade defined by  (16207) T/C transversion. Although it has no exact matches its most related types are found in Ethiopia.

Four L5 lineages have been found in Saudi Arabia all have the same haplotype that belongs to L5a1 defined in the HVSI region by (16355 – 16362) motif.

It has matches in Egypt and Ethiopia. L6 was found the most abundant clade in Yemen . It has been now detected in Saudi Arabia but only once.

This Haplotype (16048-16223*-16224-16243-16278*16311) differs from all the previous L6 lineages by the presence of mutation (16243).

In addition it lacks the (16362) transition that is carried by all L6 lineages from Yemen but has the ancestral (16048) mutation only absent in one Yemeni lineage.

This Saudi type adds L6 variability to Arabia, because until now L6 was only represented by a very abundant and a rare haplotype in Yemen.

Attending to the most probable geographic origin of the sub-Saharan Africa lineages in Saudi Arabia, 33 (61%) have matches with East Africa, 7 (13%) with Central/West Africa whereas the rest 14 (26%) have not yet been found in Africa.

Some of them belong to haplogroups with Western Africa origin and the other half to Haplogroups with Eastern Africa adscription. It is also notable frequencies of Haplogroup L lineages reached the area as consequence of slave trade, but more ancient historic contacts with NorthEast Africa are also well documented.

The mtdna Of the Haplogroup L family remains indigenous in these Regions. (ex. 15o,000 b.p. to 70,ooo b.p. hap-grps Lo-L4)Yemins Elder with Afro Young Brothers

We compared the frequency of Haplogroups L1, L2, L3A in

Jewish Communities from the Near East with that in non-Jewish communities residing historically in the same area (table 1).

Near Eastern Jewish groups have smaller frequency of mtdna % in

Haplogroups L1, L2, L3A

(as, indeed, do Ashkenazi Jews [Thomas et al. 2002]).

The only exception is in Jews from Yemen, but, even here, these lineages amount only to a quarter of their frequency in the non-Jewish sample from the Hadramawt.

It is conceivable that Haplogroups L1, L2, L3A have been lost from the Jewish communities as a result of Genetic Drift

Although the independent loss of both L1 and L2 from all Jewish groups seems unlikely.

{However, L2a1a, as defined by a substitution at (np 16286)

(Salas et al. 2002), is now supported by a

Coding-region marker (np 3918) (fig. 2A) and was found in four of six Yemeni L2a1 lineages.

L2a1a occurs at its highest frequency in SouthEastern Africa

(Pereira et al. 2001; Salas et al. 2002).

Both the frequent founder haplotype and derived lineages

(with 16092 mutation) found among

Yemenis have exact matches within Mozambique sequences

(Pereira et al. 2001; Salas et al. 2002).

Most Ethiopian L2a1 sequences share mutations at nps 16189 and 16309 (L2aβ2 [Salas et al.2002]),

and a minor portion, L2a1c, shares mutations at nps 16209, 16301, and 16354

(within cluster L2a α1 [Salas et al. 2002]).

The L2a1β2 HVS-I motif shows a pan-African spread (Salas et al. 2002).

Whereas the majority (26/33) of African American L2a complete sequences could be

partitioned into four subclades by substitutions at nps 3495, 3918, 5581, and 15229

(Torroni et al. 2001; Howell et al.2004),

None of these were observed in our Ethiopian L2a1 samples.

A single L2d1 sequence from the Yemeni sample shares the haplotype that has so far been

Observed in Sudan and in SouthEastern Africa (Salas et al. 2002).

Consistent with figure 7a of Salas et al. (2002),

Ethiopian L2b sequences form a subset of a predominantly West African clade,

Distinguished from West African lineages by a transition at np 16145.}

Several other lines of evidence also support recent Introgression – Hybridization

mtDNA lineages among Ethiopian, Egyptian, and Yemeni populations,

the MDS plot (fig. 3clustered them, together with Egyptians, in between

the Near Eastern and the West African and Southern African clusters

Consistent with that, the admixture analysis showed the Yemeni population as a

Hybrid of Predominantly Ethiopian and Near Eastern maternal Gene pools,

which provides no significant support for gene flow from Mozambique (table 2).

NOTE: Haplogroup L2a1 was found in 5 European Ashkenazi Jewish countries {Doron M. Behar1, Ene Metspalu2, Toomas Kivisild2,}

More than half of the Yemen L1, L2, L3A lineages occur at the tips of the mtDNA tree (cf. Salas et al. 2002),

Indicating that they have been generated by mutation relatively recently.

Furthermore, a majority of the L1, L2, L3A lineages in the Hadramawt—such as members of L2b, L2d, L3b, and L3d—trace back ultimately to West Africa,

So that it is likely that they were delivered to East Africa by the Bantu Dispersals.

{However, Supporting this suggestion, all of the L2a types in the Hadramawt

Occur at Elevated Frequency in the

Bantu Speakers of Mozambique.}

(Pereira et al. 2001; Salas et al. 2002).

Moreover, the chief L1a type in the Hadramawt also occurs at elevated frequency in

Bantu Speakers and is implicated in

The Bantu Dispersals, albeit having been picked up in East Africa en route.

(Salas et al. 2002). (Bantu languages)

Bantu Speakers are thought to have become first established to the East of the

Great Lakes region somewhat <2,000 years ago (Phillipson 1993).

Assuming that the sub-Saharan African input into Arabia is indeed directly from East Africa

(rather than including a component from west or southeastern Africa), as is most likely on historical and geographical grounds (Segal 2001),

This again limits the main spread into Arabia to within the last ~2,000 years.



Extensive Female-Mediated Gene Flow from Sub-Saharan Africa into Yemen and West Asia …

BioMed Central | Full text | Mitochondrial DNA structure in the Arabian Peninsula …

Eurasian And African mtDna in Saudi Arabian Population.text

Mitchondrial Sequences of Mali and Mauritania.pdf

Hadhramaut – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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