The Kingdom of Kush ኩስህ/Cush ችስህ is thy Kingdom.. Nubian and Upper Egyptian Pharaohs.. and actor Will Smith set to play Nubian Pharaoh Taharqa..


kush-400ac

nubian-boy-sail-boat-2-profile-copy

Nubian Boy and Camel

The Kingdom of Kush

Confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and River Atbara in what is

Now the Republic of Sudan. It was one of the earliest civilizations to develop in the Nile River Valley.

Having also been referred to as Nubia, and as Ethiopia in ancient Greek and Greco-Roman records,

The Kushites left their mark on various aspects of the Ancient World and their legacy is still readily discernible from the various archaeological field sites scattered through out modern Sudan.Temple of Taharqa @ Nubia

The first cultures arose in Sudan before the time of a unified Egypt. The earliest signs of which show a continuity in developing Nile valley cultures comes from the Khartoum Neolithic, where we see the beginnings of food production in the region. As these centers evolved, local societies began to amalgamate into confederations, depending on different strategies distinct from earlier semi-nomadic lifestyles.

One such polity, called the “A-group” emerged in lower Sudan around 3800 BC, and were contemporaneous with the pre-dynastic Naqada people of Upper Egypt, sharing an almost identical culture. After the demise of the A-group, archaeological evidence attesting to permanent settlements is scant.

The culture called the “C-group”, who founded the Kingdom of Kush began to appear consistently in Egyptian accounts and the archaeological record. It is through Egyptian, Hebrew, and Greco-Roman records that most of our knowledge of Kush comes.

The Egyptians took control of Kush in ca. 1520 BC, but their grip on the area would decline over the next 500 years, until the Kushites became independent.

The Kushites buried their monarchs along with all their courtiers in mass graves. Archaeologists refer to these practices as the “Pan-grave culture”.

The Kushites also built burial mounds and pyramids, and shared some of the same gods worshiped in Egypt, especially Ammon and Isis. Curiously, during Egypt’s expansion into Kushite territory during the New Kingdom, upon discovering the site at Gebel-Barkal

The Egyptians believed they’d found the remnants of an Ancient Egyptian kingship and culture as well as the origin of Ammon and the Hedjet (or “white crown“)

In Ancient Egypt, Libyan princes had taken control of the delta under Shoshenq I in 945 BC, founding the so-called Libyan or Bubastite dynasty that would rule for some 200 years.

Sheshonq also gained control of southern Egypt by placing his family members in important priestly positions. However, Libyan control began to erode as a rival dynasty in the delta arose in Leontopolis, and Kushites threatened from the south.

Around 727 BC the Kushite king Piye invaded northward, seizing control of Thebes and eventually the DeltaHis dynasty,

The Twenty-fifth dynasty of Egypt, continued until about 653 BC. The 25th dynasty was based at Napata, in what is now The Sudan. Alara is universally regarded as the founder of the 25th Kushite dynasty by his successors.

Nubian Pharaoah Taharqa collection statues

The power of the 25th Dynasty reached a climax under the

Pharaohs Piye and Taharka.

Pharaoh Taharka spent half his time as ruler of Egypt restoring its earlier cultural achievements while also fending off Assyrian power in the east. In 674, he defeated an invading Assyrian army under the leadership of Esarhaddon.

Three years later, he would be defeated in three battles that would force Kush out of Egypt altogether.

Why the Kushites chose to enter Egypt at this crucial point of foreign domination is subject to debate. Archaeologist Timmothy Kendall offers his own hypotheses, connecting it to a claim of legitimacy associated with Gebel Barkal.

Kendall cites the stele of Pharaoh Piye, which states that

Amun of Napata granted me to be ruler of every foreign country,” and “Amun in Thebes granted me to be ruler of the Black Land (Kemit)”.

Noteworthy is that according to Kendall,

“foreign lands” in this regard seems to include Lower Egypt while Kemit seems to refer to a United Upper Egypt and Nubia…

The name given this civilization comes from the Old Testament where Cush (Hebrew: כוש) was one of the sons of Ham (Genesis 10:6) who settled in NorthEast Africa.

In the Bible and at different times in the Ancient World, a large region covering Sudan, modern day Southern Egypt, and parts of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somaliland was known as “Cush”. Cush/Kush also referred to areas in “Asia”.

The Hebrew Bible refers to “Cush” on a number of occasions, though various English translations translate this as “Nubian”, “Ethiopia”, “Sudan”, and “Cushite” (Unseth 1999).

This is due to the fact that the Greeks referred to all dark skinned people as Cushites.

Moses‘ wife, Tzipporah, is described as a Kushite in the book of Numbers 12:1. Some contend that this Cush was in southern Arabia. See Biblical Cush for a full discussion. All of this is complicated by the fact that the Septuagint translated “Cush” as “Aethiopia“, leading to the misleading conclusion that “Cush/Kush” should be equated with the borders of present day “Ethiopia”.


Nubian Pharaoh Taharqa 25th Dynasty

Will Smith puts on Pharaoh Hat…

will-smith

Randall White set to write Columbia Drama….

By MICHAEL FLEMING

Will Smith

may next morph into a god.Pharaoh Taharqa and his Queen

“Braveheart” scribe Randall Wallace will write “The Last Pharaoh,” a Columbia drama crafted as a vehicle for Smith to play

Taharqa, the (Kushite- Nubian) pharaoh who battled Assyrian invaders in Ancient Egypt.

Smith, James Lassiter and Ken Stovitz will produce for Overbrook Entertainment.

Smith, who has long wanted to play the pharaoh, brought Wallace the “Taharqa story”.

The film will focus on his battles with Assyrian leader Esarhaddon starting in 677 B.C.

Smith next stars for Columbia in “Seven Pounds,” a reteam with “Pursuit of Happyness” director Gabriele Muccino that Overbrook produced with Escape Artists.

Wallace will next direct a Mike Rich-scripted Disney film about Triple Crown-winning racehorse Secretariat and its owner, Penny Chenery.

He also just signed on to a Jerry Bruckheimer-produced Disney adaptation of the WWII battle saga “Killing Rommel,” which Wallace will write with

author Steven Pressfield

www.Kemetology.com

What and Where is Nubia – nubianet

Will Smith’s Lesson for Jerusalem – Forward.com

Black pharaoh trove uncovered in  Nubia-North Sudan

Will Smith: A Film about Blacks of Ethiopian Descent Ruled Nubia/Egypt..



ቢልልይ ጋምበላ

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11 Responses to “The Kingdom of Kush ኩስህ/Cush ችስህ is thy Kingdom.. Nubian and Upper Egyptian Pharaohs.. and actor Will Smith set to play Nubian Pharaoh Taharqa..”

  1. Too bad…….
    the American Negro still don’t know that they aren’t Africans but Hebrews.
    Its all in the Bible.

    12 Tribes of Israel

    1) Judah: African-Americans (Negroes)
    2) Benjamin: Jamaica and the West Indies
    3) Levi: Haitians
    4) Ephraim: Puerto Ricans
    5) Asher: Colombians/Uruguayans (Incas)
    6) Gad: North American Indians
    7) Issachar: Mexicans (Aztecs)
    8) Simeon: Dominicans
    9) Manasseh: Cubans
    10) Zebulon: Guatemala/Panama (Mayans)
    11) Naphtali: Hawaiians; Somoans
    12) Reuben: Seminole Indians

    • (Billy Gambela) Says:

      Thanks for stopping by and leaving your comment!

      I appreciate your input, I agree that African-American, Negroes, etc.. are social-racial terms

      And actually, Asiatic-Africans and Nilotic Africans are considered Hebrews as well.

      1. JudahEthiopians and Habeshas*

      Excerpt:

      Ethiopian Mitochondrial DNA Heritage: Tracking Gene Flow Across and Around the Gate of Tears

      The (four ) major ethnic groups of Ethiopia today are

      The Tigrais, Amharas, Afar and Oromos.

      Oromos are one of the Cushitic-speaking groups of people living in East Africa.

      Cushitic speakers have inhabited parts of North-Eastern and Eastern Africa for as long as Recorded History.

      Together, they account for approximately three-quarters of the total national population.

      Amhara, Tigrais, and Gurages

      Speak Semetic languages and are considered to be descendants of Southern Arabian Conquerors,

      Who trace their Ancestry back to the Ancient

      (Queen of Sheba/Makeda), Moses and King Solomon.

      Hebrew language is a
      Semitic language
      of the African-Asiatic language family.

      Culturally Semitic Hebrew, it is considered a Jewish language.

      Hebrew in its modern form is spoken by more than seven million people in Israel while,

      Classical Hebrew has been used for prayer or study

      in Jewish communities around the world for over 2000 yrs.

      The Aramaic/Semitic translation of Hebrew is ‘Ib_ray based on

      Hebrew ‘Ib_ri ~ Understood to mean:

      One from the otherside of the River’..

      The Latin Hebrew translation was Hebraios used by the Late Greeks..

      The Old French language also used the translation Ebreu for Hebrew...

      Furthermore, the Ancient Axumites Ge’ez, the Ancient Semitic Language of Eritrea and

      E-thi-o-pia, is now known, Not to have derived from Sabaean,

      And there is Evidence of a Semitic speaking presence in Ancient E-thi-o-pia and

      Eritrea at least as Early as 2000 BC.

      (Approximately 4000 yrs old, this would be the era of the Egypt’s Middle Kingdom 2080 B.C. )

      Source:
      Stuart Munro-Hay, Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity.
      Edinburgh: University Press, 1991, p. 57.

      Also since the land of Cush the son of Biblical Ham—is generally considered to be in the vicinity of the
      Ancient cities of Meroë and Napata, located in present-day Sudan/Nubia.

      Yet it should be stressed here that the split between the
      Cushitic and Semitic languages, branches of the Afro-Asiatic linguistic

      family, is ancient, probably predating the Holocene

      (see, e.g., Militarev [2003]).

      Excerpt:
      We the Black Jews (1983) by
      (Dr. Yosef A.A. ben-Jochannan. volumes I & II)..

      Chronology of AfricanAsiatic Gods:

      NAME OF GOD/ RELIGION-/GREGORIAN YEAR

      Ptah/Ra’/Osiris Mysteries- 4100 BCE

      Yahweh/Jehova Judaism- 3760 BCE

      Jesus*(the Christ) Christianity- 1st Century C.E.

      Please understand the antiquity of African-Asiatic people who even pre-date Egyptian Culture 4100 BCE..

      People of The Nile Valley are also tied into Halfan Culture which is the PARENT CULTURE of all Civilizations…

      The Halfan people, of Egypt and Nubia flourished between 18,000 and 15,000 BC in Nubia and Egypt.

      One Halfan site dates to before 24,000 BC.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halfan
      http://www.touregypt.net/ebph3.htm

      The Halfan is seen as the Parent Culture of the Ibero-Maurusian industry which spread across Africa’s Sahara and into Spain.

      Sometimes seen as a proto-Afro-Asiatic culture, this group is derived from

      “The Nile River Valley culture known as Halfan”, dating to about 17,000 BC.

      The Halfan culture was derived in turn from the Khormusan, which depended on Specialized Hunting, Fishing, and Collecting techniques for Survival

      The material remains of this culture are primarily stone tools, flakes, and a multitude of rock paintings.

      The end of the Khormusan came around 16000 B.C. and was concurrent with the development of other Cultures in the Region, including the Gemaian.

      [S. Keita, “Exploring Northeast African Metric Craniofacial Variation at the Individual Level: A Comparative Study Using Principal Components Analysis,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY 16:679–689 (2004)]

      Please have a look at my Blog of Ethiopians,Nubians, Egyptians as well others i will post a few.
      https://billygambelaafroasiaticanthropology.wordpress.com/2009/04/27/egyptiansethiopiansnubians-are-same-ethnic-people-northafrica-horn-of-africa/
      https://billygambelaafroasiaticanthropology.wordpress.com/2009/04/27/the-kingdom-of-አክሱም-aksum-the-አፁሚተ-axumite-empire-of-ethiopiaeritreas-horn-of-africa/

      Thanks Again..

  2. (Billy Gambela) Says:

    AFTERWORD:

    These contemporary terms such as the ones you have mentioned above
    only makes matters, further confusing when you incorporate thier Ancestral Origins.

    The following groups you have mentioned share a common ancestor going back to Africa over 174,300 YBP.

    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation was examined in 37 Seminoles from Florida

    Analysis of the mtDNA revealed that all four Native American Haplogroups (A, B, C and D) were present in the Seminoles encompassing about 95% of the Seminole mtDNAs.

    NOTE:
    All of the above socalled
    Native American
    haplogroups have an Asian Origin.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_A_(mtDNA)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_B_(mtDNA)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_C_(mtDNA)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_D_(mtDNA)

    No European mtDNAs were found among the Seminoles, but two mtDNAs (about 5%) were members of the Africanspecific Haplogroup L1, Which by the way are also found among
    Puerto Ricans, Haitians, Dominicans, socalled African-Americans, Nigerians, Hebrews, Egyptians etc..

    Thus indicating that a limited number of African women were incorporated in the Seminole tribe.
    http://pilgrim.chattanooga.net/mtdna.html
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9156318
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_L1_(mtDNA)
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC385086/?tool=pubmed

  3. Nebsu Says:

    Billy, Tell me when was Ethiopia Conquered by Arabs?

    Are you following the CONTI ROSSINI’S THEORY
    (Who was Racist BTW.)?

    I Disagree with you,
    We Amharas, Tigres and Gurages are Not the Descendants of Southern Arabian Conquerers!
    We are Axumites, Not Yemenis or Arabs!

    PLS READ

    From Ethiopia To Yemen” By Richard Pankhurst

    “The result of such convergent investigations by scholars working in different fields was that
    Jacqueline Pirenne,

    Basing herself on the areas material culture, as well as on linguistic and paleographic data,
    Stood Conti Rossini thesis on its head.

    She argued that migration was Not from Yemen to Ethiopia,

    But rather in the opposite direction: from Ethiopia to Yemen.”

    • (Billy Gambela) Says:

      Hotep, Shalom and Welcome Nebsu!

      I am perplexed as to your claims that, I am following the theory of Conti Rossi?

      I Disagree with You,

      I Do Not Follow any Theories Based Solely on One Author, Book, Reference or Source.

      I use very Critical Engagement, and Sources from Several Different Fields to Assert my Claims..

      Such as the following areas of Research:

      1. Modern Genetics

      2. Linguistics and Culture

      3. Biblical Accounts

      4. Geography and Hydrology

      5. Botany~note: (is a branch of biology and is the scientific study of plant life and development.)

      Secondly Where you read that Amharas, Tigrais, and Gurages are descendants of southern Arabian conquerors,

      Was an excerpt from:

      Ethiopian Mitochondrial DNA Heritage: Tracking Gene Flow Across and Around the Gate of Tears

      (see, e.g., Militarev [2003]).

      (a mtDna study on the migrations and languages and cultures of Horn of Africa Population with Ethiopians)

      However, If you would taken a closer look at my Personal Comments, Conclusions and Debates,

      You would have realized, that I have Ascertained the Origin of Semitic speaking Populations in

      Ethiopia as Supposed to Arabia?

      This is an Excerpt from the Same Study on the Origin of Semitic Languages in ETHIOPIA NOT ARABIA.

      The linguistic reconstructions of Semitic vocabulary, related to farming and agriculture, have supported the

      Theory that the Origin of Semitic languages is in the Near East (Diakonoff 1988; Militarev 2003).

      On the Other Hand,

      The
      finding of All Major Branches of the Afro-Asiatic language tree in Africa/Ethiopia,

      Including those that are Not spoken elsewhere in the World,

      Suggests that the Homeland/Origin and of the Afro-Asiatic

      languages which include the Semitic Family may have been somewhere close to Africa’s Southwestern Ethiopia
      (Ehret 1995).

      NOTE:

      The Afro-Asiatic languages, which include SEMITIC languages such as ARABIC and HEBREW, are believed by Scholars to have Originated in ETHIOPIA.

      This is because the Region has very Diverse Language Groups in close Geographic Proximity, often considered a telltale sign for a Linguistic Geographic Origin.

      In Addition, I also used mtDna and Migrations from Africa (Out of Africa) to prove the presence of

      Eastern Africans in Arabia from 70,000 to 85,000 YBP.

      Haplogroups L2a1, L3 and M1 have significant frequencies from Africa to South west Asia.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_L2_(mtDNA)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_L3_(mtDNA)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_M_(mtDNA)

      DNA samples of 53 Tigrais from Ethiopia and Eritrea (Semitic-language speakers),

      120 Amharas (Semitic), 33 Oromos (Cushitic), 21 Gurages (Semitic), 16 Afars (Cush- itic), and

      28 individuals with other ethnic affiliations were obtained, in five different cities of Ethiopia.

      All of these individuals for the most part belong to East African Mtdna that Originates in the Horn of Africa.

      Furthermore, Ge’ez, the Ancient Semitic Language of Eritrea and

      E-thi-o-pi-a is now known, Not to have derived from

      Old South Arabian Sabaeans,

      And there is Evidence of a Semitic speaking

      Presence in Ancient E-thi-o-pi-a and Eritrea at least as Early as 2000 BC.

      (Approximately 4000 yrs old, this would be the Era of the Egypt’s Middle Kingdom 2080 B.C. )

      Source:
      Stuart Munro-Hay, Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity.
      Edinburgh: University Press, 1991, p. 57.

      MORE SOURCES:

      1. Mitochondrial studies for Ethiopians:
      http://www.africandna.com/ScienPapers%5CEthiopian_Mitochondrial_DNA_Heritage.pdf

      2. Books and literature on Ethiopians:

      Ethiopia and the Origins of Civilization (1939) by John G. Jackson
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_G._Jackson_(writer)

      Wonderful Ethiopians of Ancient Cushite Empire by Drusilla Dunjee Houston pub. (1926)
      http://www.cwo.com/~lucumi/dunjee.html

      The African Origin of Civilization by Cheikh Anta Diop pub. (1955), paris, (1974). usa
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheikh_Anta_Diop

      Jews and Judaism in African History by Richard Hull pub. (2009)
      Chapter 5. Jews and Judaism in Central and Eastern Africa pg. 185
      http://www.amazon.com/Jews-Judaism-African-History-Richard/dp/1558764968

      We the Black Jews by Dr. Yosef ben-Jochanannan pub. (1983) reprinted (1993).
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosef_Ben-Jochannan

      Ethiopian article with my Comments and Debates:
      https://billygambelaafroasiaticanthropology.wordpress.com/2009/04/27/egyptiansethiopiansnubians-are-same-ethnic-people-northafrica-horn-of-africa/

      I Hope this makes it, Unequivocally Clear where I stand as far Ethiopian Origins.

      P.S.

      ( I share maternal ancestry with Amharas, Tigrais, and Gurages ) The Axumites

  4. BrahmaALLAH Says:

    The African Ethopian language is the root of Hebrew and Arabic. Ethiopia once where from india thru KMT.
    The Modern Moslem, Christian and Jews are not the Authors of their Religion.

    The Original Man is the Asiatic Black Man.

    PEACE

    • (Billy Gambela) Says:

      Hotep, Welcome brother Brahma ALLAH

      I agree about Ethiopia being the Genetic center of Origin for the Afro-Asiatic Languages which include the Semitic Branches of Languages such as Hebrew, and Arabic or Aramaic.

      I have elaborated on these topics such as the
      Original of Garden of Eden, Hebrews, and Linguistics, and mtDna please have a tour of my Blog

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semitic_languages

  5. OROMIA; OROMO

  6. Angela T. Says:

    I’ve been considering sending a DNA sample to the NatGeo Genome project in order to determine where my blood leads to in Africa. Is there another source I should consider before going forward? Thank you.

    • (Billy Gambela) Says:

      Welcome Angela! thanks for stopping by..

      The two companies i have in mind are National Genographic and Family Tree Dna..
      They may be your best choices and Its is truly as toss-up between the two, however both companies are somewhat affiliated.

      1. Genographic provides the 12 markers, has nice migration presentation. Only provides HVR1 $99.00

      2. Ancestry by Dna. by Dna Diagnostic Center, Provides the HVR1, HVR2 and HVR3
      All three regions for $199.99 (note this is not a FGS test)

      3. Family Tree DNA provides the Control Region HVR1, HVR2, as well as your

      Code Region/ FGS (full genome sequence) most definitive test. $279.00.

      The UPGRADE price is $199.00 from HVR1 to FGS from genographic via FTDNA..

      (A). So with option one its least expensive, however it only places you in a Haplogroup from HVR1 perspective.

      ( nat’l genographic allows you to upgrade to FGS via FTDNA for additional charge and transfer permission)..

      (B). With option 2 you can test HVR1,2,3 with option or 3 you can test for the FGS (full genome sequence) and be done with mtdna).

      As well as finding the closest relative from inside or outside your country of residence..

      Furthermore this upgrade places you in a more recent and definitive Haplogroup/Subclade.

      (family tree has a very extensive Dna databases, you will find very useful for comparative reasons)

      As for now, these may offer the best solutions for ancestral dna origins..

      P.S. have a tour of my blog for better understanding of other individual results, i am more than welcome to assist you with your findings.

      DNA Sources:
      https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/index.html
      http://www.familytreedna.com/Default.aspx?c=1

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