Nubian ኑቢአን Migrations Across Africa and West Asia etc.. (Nubian Mother and Child in image below:)

Nubia's map of today's Egyptnubian-woman-with-child

The Nubians of Central Africa

A cluster of 7 Nubian Tribes in 8 countries

The Nubians consist of “Seven” Non-Arab Muslim tribes who originated in the Nubia region,

An area/region between Aswan in southern Egypt and Dongola in Northern Sudan.

for centuries, this territory was a crossroads between Egypt and the NubianEthiopian African tribal kingdoms.

Some Nubians are now Settled in:

1.) Ethiopia

2.) Kenya

3.) Nile Valley

4.) Uganda

5.) North Africa (Sahara) ex.. Chad, Egypt and Libya…

6.) Saudi Arabia

7.) Yemen,

8.) Oman

and other countries etc..

From the 1500’s until the 1800’s, the Ottoman Empire encroached upon the Nubia region. As a result, many Nubians migrated to remote areas along the Nile. Distinct groups evolved and were named according to their locations. For example, those who settled near the Wadi Kenuz became knows as the Kenuzi; those who settled in Dongola became known as the Dongolawi.

Nubian Dongolawi Girl

In the 1960’s, many of the Nubian villages were flooded as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam. About 100,000 Nubians were forced to resettle in “New Nubia,” 20 miles north of Aswan. Others relocated in Uganda and Kenya.

Most Nubian groups speak their own dialect of the Nubian language.

Dongolawi Nubians

However, many also speak Arabic, which is the common language of business and trade. Although their languages are different, each group is identical in social, economic, and cultural organization.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Nubian economy is based on agriculture. During the winter months they grow wheat, barley, millet, beans, peas, and watermelons. Mangoes, citrus fruits, and palm dates are also part of the Nubian diet.

A thin, course bread called dura, is one of their basic staple foods. Pieces of the bread are usually piled on top of each other and eaten with vegetables and sauces, or spread with date jelly.

In Old Nubia, men migrated to the big cities to find work, while the women farmed the land, cared for the animals, and did household chores.

Today, since the land is located far from their dwellings, men do most of the field work while the women work at the home.

Some women have also found employment as schoolteachers, public service workers, and seamstresses. Some of the men now own grocery stores or drive cabs.

The typical Nubian house is very spacious, with several large rooms that are able to accommodate the extended family members and guests. In the center of each home is an open courtyard. The front of the house is colorfully painted with geometric patterns. Most of the paintings and decorations on the homes have religious connotations. The colorful designs are a distinctive and admired feature of Nubian culture.

The literacy rate among Nubians is high in comparison to their rural Egyptian neighbors.

Primary and secondary schools have been set up in New Nubia, and there are also teacher-training facilities in the area.

In addition to education, policies, radio and television are other ways in which socialization takes place among the Nubians.

For centuries, the Nubians often held lengthy religious and agricultural ceremonies. However, since relocation, the ceremonies have been shortened and are now limited to the villages. During these ceremonies, the Nubians express themselves through singing, dancing, and beating drums.

What Are Their Beliefs? The Nubians were converted to Christianity during the sixth century. They remained so until the gradual process of Islamization began taking place from the fourteenth until the seventeenth centuries. Today, the Nubians are virtually all Muslims. However, their traditional animistic beliefs (belief that non-living objects have spirits) are still mingled in with their Islamic practices.

The traditional beliefs of the Nubians were centered on the spirit of the Nile. The Nile is believed to have life-sustaining power and to hold the power of life and death within it.

The people believe that the river is endowed with angels, sheiks (religious leaders), and other powerful beings. The sheiks are sought daily for their advice in the areas of health, fertility, and marriage.

The Kenuzi Nubians have an annual festival known as the “Saints Day Celebration,” or moulid. This holiday reinforces the history of the Kenuzi. Gifts are presented at the ancestral shrines in the fulfillment of a promise made the previous year. Colorful processions are held during this time of celebration. Dancing, singing, and feasting are also included in the festivities. The moulid is still celebrated in New Nubia each year.

What Are Their Needs?

The Nubians in Kenya and Uganda” have no Christian resources or missions agency working among them.

Most Nubians Tribes  have not heard a clear presentation of the Gospel…

The Nubians in Egypt have only portions of the Bible written in their language.

Only one missions agency is currently working among them. Intense prayer, increased evangelism efforts, and additional Christian resources are necessary to reach these tribes who were once a Christian people…

Prayer Points

1. Pray that the Lord will raise up laborers who are willing to invest long term service as missionaries to the Nubians of Central Africa.

2. Pray that loving African Christians will gain a vision to see the Nubians reached with the Gospel.

3. Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Nubians who will boldly declare the Gospel.

4. Pray for cooperation among missions agencies that are targeting these tribes.

5. Pray that God will raise up linguists to translate the Word of God into each of the tribal languages.

6. Take authority over the spiritual principalities and powers that

are keeping these tribes bound.

7. Ask God to send medical teams and humanitarian aid workers to minister to the Nubians.

8. Pray that strong local churches will be planted among each of these tribes.



Nubians in Kenya website

Unreached Peoples of Nubia Prayer Profiles

Linguistic Aspects of Greater Nubian History -The Cradle of .

Geo-Map of Nubian in Middle East and North Africa

Geo-Map of Nubians in  East Africa and Southern Africa

Joshua Project – Nubians, of Arabized Egypt Ethnic People Profile

Joshua Project – Nubian, Nubi of Kenya Ethnic People Profile

Joshua Project – Nubians, of Dongola-Dongolawi Sudan Ethnic People Profile

African map of 1812

Bileh* Gambela
በላይ ። ጋምበላ


10 Responses to “Nubian ኑቢአን Migrations Across Africa and West Asia etc.. (Nubian Mother and Child in image below:)”

  1. Why are you saying these people are Nubian.

    The ancient Egyptians depicted Nubian as jet black, hair style similar to the harmer tribe of Ethiopia.

    These people look nothing like the Nubian depicted in the old times.

    In fact these people look similar to the Ancient Egyptians themselves.

    this is a true nubian

    • Bileh Gambela በላይ ። ጋምበላ Says:

      Hello there Allen,

      Why are you saying these people are not Nubian ?

      The Wombman and child shown, as well as the Young girls shown are from NUBIA-ኑቢአ.

      Todays Nubians consist of “Seven” Non-Arab Muslim tribes who originated in the

      An area between Aswan in Southern Egypt and
      Dongola and stretching as far South as Khartoum in Northern Sudan.

      The Nubians consist of “Seven” Non-Arab Muslim tribes who originated in the Nubia region,

      In an area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Dongola in Northern Sudan.

      For centuries, this territory was a crossroads between Egypt and the African tribal kingdoms of South and beyond.

      For example some Nubians are Settled in

      1.) Ethiopia and Kenya

      2.) Nile Valley

      3.) Nubian Desert (Northern Sudan) may even have migrated to

      4.) North Africa (Sahara) ex.. Chad, Egypt and Libya…

      5.) Saudi Arabia

      6.) Yemen,

      7.) Oman ?

      and other countries etc..

      Nubian people come in all complexions shades and hair-types. Nubians are also considered to be 40% West-asian { Nubian Family from Aswan from wiki link }

      I also share genetic ancestry with Egyptians/Nubians and Amhara Ethiopians from my mothers


      and father’s Y-chromo E3a/M2.

      The M2 lineage is mainly found primarily in ‘‘Eastern,’’ ‘‘sub-Saharan,’’ and sub-equatorial African groups, those with the

      Highest frequency of the ‘‘Broad’’ trend Physiognomy,

      But found also in notable frequencies in Nubia and Upper Egypt, as indicated by the

      RFLP TaqI 49a, f variant IV (see Lucotte and Mercier, 2003; Al-Zahery et al. 2003 for equivalences of markers), which is affiliated with it.

      We do not look like the Hamer Tribe, though we may share Genetic Ancestry..

      In short....

      Ethiopians, Axumites, Kemites, Kushites and

      Cushites are relatively and genetically the same


      Bileh Gambela
      በላይ ። ጋምበላ

  2. NeferKemet Says:

    As Salaamu Alaikum,

    What does this map represent?

    • Bileh Gambela በላይ ። ጋምበላ Says:

      Alaikum As Salaam,

      I am not sure of your question, one map at the top displays the Region of Nubia, and the other Map of Africa was drawn in 1812.

  3. NeferKemet Says:

    • Bileh Gambela በላይ ። ጋምበላ Says:

      Map of 1812 showing 16 Regions + madagascar in retrospect of the 53 newly colonized african countries?

      I am not certain what it represents beyond the colored regions and that it is almost 200 yrs old etc…?

  4. I’m not sure why but this blog is loading incredibly slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

    • Bileh* Gambela በላይ ። ጋምበላ Says:

      Hello Portia! thanks for stopping by. The Blog seems to be running fine on my end..
      Let me know if you are still experiencing problems..

  5. Clarence McMillan Says:

    Hello Bileh G.
    I traced my Paternal ancestry to through NA to the Ewondo people of Cameroon.
    My Haplogroup is R1-M173 or M207 (v88).

    I guess I should also defne this as Afri-Asiatic what are your thoughts on this Y-DNA Haplogroup?

    • Biléh* Gambéla በላይ ። ጋምበላ Says:

      ወልቾመ Welcome Clarence!

      Thanks for stopping by and sharing your ancestry with us.

      First let me say that Genetic markers have been analyzed on your Y chromosome to establish a Y chromosome genetic pro- file (haplotype). I would need to see your sequence ex.(DYS385a) from at least a 12-64 markers to be absolutely sure about my findings…

      (you could belong anyone of these groups below?)

      {R1b1a (V88) -The majority was found in northern and central Africa}
      {R1* -Found at low frequency in Middle East and South Asia}
      {R1 -(M173/P241, M306/S1,P225, P231, P233, P234, P236, P238, P242, P245, P286, P294}

      Secondly, which company did you test with? and how many markers did you test for?

      Haplogroup R1* has a African or Asiatic Origin 30,000 B.P. with back to Africa migration..

      This group is also has notable frequencies in Cameroon and Central Africa as well as North African Kushites..
      R1* is also common in the Americas among the Native American Male Population..

      Haplogroup R1 (Y-DNA) is the second most predominate Y haplotype found among indigenous Amerindians after Q (Y-DNA). The distribution of R1 is believed to be associated with the re-settlement of Eurasia following the last glacial maximum, and entered the Americas with the initial founding population.
      R1 is very common throughout all of Eurasia Except East Asia and Southeast Asia.

      R1 (M137) is found predominantly in North American Algonquian groups like the Ojibwe (79%), Chipewyan (62%), Seminole (50%), Cherokee (47%), Dogrib (40%) and Papago (38%).

      Though Haplogroup R1* has an African-Asiatic Origin and Migration, It has Notable frequencies through out Africa as well..

      Haplogroup R1*-M173 is the pristine form of Haplogroup R. In Africa researchers have detected frequencies as high as 95% among Sub-Saharan Africans.

      The Phylogenetic, Craniometric, Textual, Historical and Linguistic evidence support the demic diffusion of Niger- Congo (Nilo-Saharan) carriers of R1*-M173 from Africa to Eurasia between 4-5kya.

      The phylogenetic profile of R-M173 supports an ancient migration of Kushites from Africa to Eurasia as suggested by the Classical writers. In Fig. 3, we outline the spread of Haplogroup R from Nubia into Asia and West Africa.

      This Expansion of an African Kushite population probably took place Neolithic period.

      The Accumulated Classical literature, Archaeological, Craniometric, Genetic and Linguistic evidence suggest a Genetic relationship between the Kushites of Africa and Kushites in Eurasia that cannot be explained by microevolutionary mechanisms. The phylogeographic profile of R1*-M173 supports this Ancient Migration of Kushites from Africa to Eurasia as suggested by the Classical writers.

      This expansion of Kushites into Eurasia probably took place over 4kya.


      Haplogroup R1* and Subclades:

      Wikipedia for Haplogroup R1*:

      Haplogroup R1* Native Americans:

      Kushite Spread of Haplogroup R1*-M173:

      Haplogroup R1* in North Africa-Algeria:

      Hope this will help..

      P.S. (Afri-Asiatic) Africans are Asiatics as well…

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