Stateless-ness Citizens/Refugees. People in Foreign or Native Countries with out Soveriegn Nationality.. Do “Stateless Citizens” have same rights as “Country Nationals” ?




Juanita Retro Native American Afro Mulatto Shot
The U.N. 1961 Convention on the Reduction of State-less-ness.. = Juanita (Mulatto Native American )

Juanita Mulatto Native American retro pic 1969 copy


11 Main Reasons to check your nationality or citizen status.. are you stateless/without a country of Origin ?

1. Renunciation of nationality (eg.  african-american , negroe or black/white /U.S. citizen see 14th Ammend..)

2. Deprivation of nationality (eg. for disloyalty, for treasonous acts, forobtaining nationality by fraud)

3. Membership of a group which is denied citizen status in the country on whose territory they are born (eg. Gypsies and Jews in Third Reich Germany (1934-1945))

4. Birth in disputed territories (eg. Israel occupied territory)

5. Birth in an area ruled by an entity whose independence is not internationally recognized (eg. Manchukuo 1932-1945)

6. Birth on territory over which no modern state claims sovereignty (eg. unclaimed region of Antarctica)

7. Statelessness creates problems forstates and disadvantages for those left stateless (eg. African-Americans), to wit:

Diminished civil rights in “comparison to the nationals of the states where they reside”.(eg. Egyptian-Americans)

(Note:  Africa is a Continent not a Country.. you must know your country of origin to claim your birth-right nationality…)

This may occur despite the ideals espoused in the 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons

8.  A perception that stateless persons lack loyalty to their country of residence

9. Lack of ability to endow one’s children with a nationality

10. Inability to avail oneself of consular services when outside the country of habitual residence.

11.  No Home Country to which one is guaranteed the Automatic right of return.

Statelessness may frustrate deportation action where no state assumes

the responsibility to accept the person made subject to a criminal deportation..

Statelessness most commonly affects refugees although not all refugees are stateless, and not all stateless persons may be able to qualify as refugees. Refugee status entails the extra requirements that the refugee is outside their country of nationality (or country of habitual residence if stateless), and is deserving of asylum based upon a well-founded fear of persecution for categorized reasons which make him/her unwilling or unable to avail the protection of that countrySee refugee.

The Convention was originally intended as a Protocol to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees,

while the 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons was adopted to cover stateless persons who are not refugees and therefore not within the scope of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.

Migrations forced from political instability during World War II and its immediate aftermath highlighted the international dimensions of problems presented by unprecedented volumes of displaced persons including those rendered effectively stateless.

Kisha Hampton

Dating from December 1948,

The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights“at Article  15  affirms that:

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.

(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

The Room of the United Nations General Assembly where Resolution was passed in 1949 which inspired the adoption of the

Convention Regarding the Status of Stateless Persons in 1954 and the completion of the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness

At the Fourth United Nations General Assembly Session in October-December 1949, the International Law Commission included the topic “Nationality, including Statelessnessin its list of topics of international law provisionally selected for codification. At the behest of ECOSOC in its 11th Session soon after, that item was given priority.

The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees was done on 28 July 1951. It was originally desired to cover:

“refugees and stateless persons”, however agreement was not reached with respect to the latter

The International Law Commission at its fifth session in 1953 produced both a Draft Convention on the Elimination of Future Statelessness, and a Draft Convention on the Reduction of Future Statelessness. ECOSOC approved both drafts.

The 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons was done in September 1954 (The Status Convention). This completed the unfinished work of the Refugee Convention three years prior.

On 4 December 1954 the UN General Assembly by Resolution adopted both drafts as the basis of its desire for a conference of plenipotentiaries and an eventual Convention.

Today, nationality law is based either on” jus soli or jus sanguinis”, or on a combination of the two.

Jus soli is the principle in which a child born in a country’s territorial jurisdiction acquires that country’s nationality.

(Ex: United States, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, France ).

Jus sanguinis, is the child’s right of Blood/Dna either from the Father or Mother. (inherited nationality/citizenship).

It is a social policy by which nationality or citizenship is not determined by “Place of Birth”, but your “Place of Ethnic origin”.

similarily by having an ancestor who is a national of  the country or citizen of the state.

It contrasts with jus soli (Latin for “right of soil”).

whereas,  jus sanguinis (Latin for “right of blood”).

Ayanna Bria ኣያንና ብሪአ the Ethiopian-Nubian

Global Internet Censorship Geo-Map

No censorship is in BLUE

Some censorship is in Gold

Under surveillance is in Red

Internet black holes is in Black (most heavily censored nations)

Internet censorship – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Internet Censorship | American Civil Liberties Union

Biléh* Gambéla በላይ ። ጋምበላ 

 


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5 Responses to “Stateless-ness Citizens/Refugees. People in Foreign or Native Countries with out Soveriegn Nationality.. Do “Stateless Citizens” have same rights as “Country Nationals” ?”

  1. Hey, that is me in that little girl in the Blue Shirt.

    A lady took that pic when i was at the Ethiopian Millenium when the Ethiopian Singer Cha Chi was there.
    Some of my family members told me i had a pic on the Internet.

    I thought they saw another girl that looked just like me. when i looked it up there i was. I am so <surprised!

    I remember when i was that age. i am 5 years older now.
    The pic is so cute.

    Who ever did this website i love it.

  2. Hi Bileh, I am back and i want to know about my spouse’s DNA findings.
    She did not give any direct information concerning read out. No matches,
    No place of Origin and No location in Africa.
    Below is her findings: Abdul

    Haplogroup – L1

    HVR1 differences from CRS
    ◦ 16086C
    ◦ 16129A
    ◦ 16148T
    ◦ 16172C
    ◦ 16184T
    ◦ 16187T
    ◦ 16189C
    ◦ 16223T
    ◦ 16243C
    ◦ 16261T
    ◦ 16278T
    ◦ 16311C
    ◦ 16355T
    ◦ 16360T
    ◦ 16398A
    ◦ 16519C
    HVR2 differences from CRS
    ◦ 73G
    ◦ 151T
    ◦ 152C
    ◦ 182T
    ◦ 186A
    ◦ 189C
    ◦ 195C
    ◦ 247-
    ◦ 263G
    ◦ 297G
    ◦ 315.1C
    ◦ 316A
    ◦ 522-
    ◦ 523-

    • Biléh Gambéla በላይ ። ጋምበላ Says:

      Welcome back Abdul, and thanks for sharing your spouses results!

      The paragroup L1 includes the MRCA of human mtDNA, which is at least 150,000–170,000 years old
      (Horai et al. 1995; Ingman et al. 2000).

      Haplogroup L1 is believed to have first appeared in East Africa approximately 150,000 to 170,000 years ago.

      In Human Mitochondrial Genetics, Haplogroup L1 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) Haplogroup and
      Major subclade of Haplogroup L (mtDNA).
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_L1_(mtDNA)

      Though it is typically used to refer to a family of lineages found in Africa, L1 is sometimes referred to as
      Haplogroup L1-6, which is the Macro-Haplogroup that includes the majority of African lineages and all non-African lineages.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macro-haplogroup_L_(mtDNA)

      Haplogroup L1* and according to the study of mtDNA profile of West Africans here is L1* related ethnicities..

      Nigeria 1%, Egypt 1%, Mozambique 6%, Ethiopia 4%, Kenya/Sudan 16%, Nile Valley 4% and Kung Khwe @ 69%..

      This Haplogroup L1* shows a Strong Southern presence, in the Kung Khwe and Bush people as well as other Pygmies..

      Haplogroup L1* also has a slight eastern presence in Ethiopians, Sudanese, Kenyans, and NileValley with a very small
      portion in Egypt as well as Nigeria in the West..

      NOTE: I can not be definitive about your migration or related ethnicities without your
      FGS (full genome sequence), which in return places you in a more definitive and current Hapolgroup of L1*..

      May i also ask which company did she use to administer this test?

      You may already be informed about (FTDNA) Family Tree DNA, who provides the Control Region
      HVR1, HVR2, as well as your Code Region/ FGS
      (full genome sequence) most definitive test.

      Citations and References:

      Whole-mtDNA Genome Sequence Analysis of Ancient African Lineages
      http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/24/3/757

      The Making of the African mtDNA Landscape:
      http://www.africandna.com/ScienPapers%5CThe_Making_of_the_African_mtDN

      Profile of West African mtDna
      http://www.africandna.com/ScienPapers/MtDNA_Profile_of_West_African_Guineans.pdf

      Thanks

  3. Thanks Bileh for your information.

    The DNA was tested from AfricanDNA, also I posted on Family Tree trying to find a match.

    Again I thank you.

    Abdul

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